Bitwa pod Wiedniem: The Epic Film About the Battle of Vienna
Bitwa pod Wiedniem: The Epic Film About the Battle of Vienna
Bitwa pod Wiedniem (English: The Battle of Vienna) is a 2012 historical drama film that depicts the events of the 1683 Battle of Vienna, one of the most important battles in European history. The film, directed by Renzo Martinelli and starring F. Murray Abraham, Enrico Lo Verso, Jerzy Skolimowski, and Alicja Bachleda, shows how the Ottoman Empire, led by Kara Mustafa, attempted to conquer Vienna and the rest of Europe, but was stopped by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, led by King Jan III Sobieski, and the Holy Roman Empire, led by Emperor Leopold I.
The film is based on historical facts and documents, and features spectacular scenes of warfare, heroism, and diplomacy. The film also explores the personal stories of the main characters, such as Marco d'Aviano, a Franciscan friar who played a key role in uniting the Christian forces; Eleanor of Austria, the queen of Poland who supported her husband's decision to intervene; Cosma, a young Ottoman soldier who falls in love with Leila, a Christian girl; and Prince Eugene of Savoy, a future military leader who witnessed the battle as a boy.
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Bitwa pod Wiedniem is not only a thrilling and engaging film, but also a tribute to the courage and faith of the people who defended Vienna and Europe from the Ottoman invasion. The film also draws a parallel between the 1683 battle and the 2001 September 11 attacks, highlighting the importance of defending freedom and civilization from tyranny and terror.
If you are interested in learning more about the Bitwa pod Wiedniem film, you can watch the trailer here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q-1Y-8IjJfk. You can also find more information about the film on its official website: http://www.bitwapodwiedniem.pl/. You can also read reviews and ratings on Filmweb: https://www.filmweb.pl/film/Bitwa+pod+Wiedniem-2012-617280 or IMDb: https://www.imdb.com/title/tt1899285/.
Bitwa pod Wiedniem is a film that you don't want to miss. It is a film that will inspire you, educate you, and entertain you. It is a film that will make you proud of your European heritage and culture. It is a film that will make you appreciate the value of peace and cooperation. It is a film that will make you remember the Bitwa pod Wiedniem.
The Historical Background of the Bitwa pod Wiedniem Film
The Bitwa pod Wiedniem film is set in the late 17th century, a period of intense conflict and rivalry between the Ottoman Empire and the Christian states of Europe. The Ottoman Empire, which had been expanding its territory and influence for centuries, reached its peak of power and glory under Sultan Mehmed IV and his Grand Vizier Kara Mustafa. The Ottoman Empire controlled most of the Middle East, North Africa, and Southeast Europe, and posed a constant threat to the rest of Europe.
The Christian states of Europe, on the other hand, were divided and weakened by internal wars, religious disputes, and political intrigues. The Holy Roman Empire, which was the largest and most powerful state in Central Europe, was ruled by Emperor Leopold I of the House of Habsburg. The Habsburgs had a long-standing rivalry with the Ottomans, as they competed for control over Hungary and the Balkans. The Habsburgs also faced opposition from other European powers, such as France and Sweden, who sought to limit their influence and dominance.
The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, which was the largest and most populous state in Eastern Europe, was ruled by King Jan III Sobieski of the House of Vasa. The Commonwealth was a unique political entity, as it was a federation of two sovereign states: the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The Commonwealth was also a multi-ethnic and multi-religious society, as it included Poles, Lithuanians, Ruthenians, Germans, Jews, Armenians, Tatars, and others. The Commonwealth had a long history of cooperation and alliance with the Holy Roman Empire, as they shared a common enemy in the Ottoman Empire.
The Plot and Characters of the Bitwa pod Wiedniem Film
The Bitwa pod Wiedniem film begins in the summer of 1683, when Kara Mustafa launches a massive invasion of the Holy Roman Empire with an army of 300,000 soldiers. His main objective is to capture Vienna, the capital and stronghold of the Habsburgs. Vienna is also a strategic and symbolic target, as it is the gateway to Central Europe and the heart of Christendom. Kara Mustafa believes that taking Vienna will secure his fame and fortune, and pave the way for the Ottoman conquest of Europe.
Vienna is defended by a small garrison of 15,000 soldiers and 8,000 civilians, led by Count Ernst RÃdiger von Starhemberg. The defenders are outnumbered and outgunned by the Ottomans, who have superior artillery and siege equipment. The defenders also face starvation and disease, as they are cut off from any outside help. The only hope for Vienna is to hold out until reinforcements arrive from other European states.
Emperor Leopold I flees Vienna with his court and seeks refuge in Passau. He sends urgent appeals for help to his allies in Europe, especially to King Jan III Sobieski of Poland. Sobieski agrees to come to Vienna's aid with his army of 40,000 soldiers, including his famous winged hussars. Sobieski also convinces other European leaders to join him in a coalition against the Ottomans. Among them are Charles V Duke of Lorraine, who commands an army of 30,000 soldiers from Germany; Prince Eugene of Savoy, who leads an army of 10,000 soldiers from Italy; and John George III Elector of Saxony, who brings an army of 10,000 soldiers from Saxony.
The film follows the journey of Sobieski and his allies as they march towards Vienna through various obstacles and challenges. Along the way, they meet Marco d'Aviano, a Franciscan friar who acts as a mediator and advisor to Sobieski. Marco d'Aviano is also a close friend of Pope Innocent XI , who supports Sobieski's mission and declares a holy crusade against the Ottomans.
The film also shows the personal lives and relationships of some of the main characters. For example, Sobieski's wife Eleanor of Austria , who is Leopold's sister; Cosma , a young Ottoman soldier who falls in love with Leila , a Christian girl; Giovanni Cristofori , an Italian musician who invents the piano; Rosa Cristofori , his wife who suffers from tuberculosis; Karol LotaryÅski , Sobieski's son-in-law who betrays him; Abul , an old Ottoman warrior who mentors Cosma; 29c81ba772